Thursday, January 11, 2018

Adventure MultiGun Concept

Here is a PDF of my Adventure MultiGun concept. As with my divisions, you are free to employ and modify as you see fit at your own club or match.

It sure seems like the formatting from Google Docs should copy perfectly into Blogger, am I right? What with it all being the mighty Google. It's probably me, but that doesn't happen and I feel like it's kinda stupid. Any gurus out there feel free to educate me.

OK, on topic. Adventure MultiGun is one of those things that's been swimming around in my head for years. I've said it before, I'm the type of person who is never satisfied with what exists so I set out to make something better, or ... MORE. That's not to say I ever accomplish either of those things. Also, I don't know about the name Adventure MultiGun, but we're going with it for now because I've got nothing else. The word adventure pretty much describes the thing and it makes sense in my mind to call a thing what it is. But, at this point it's nothing more than a concept and the reason for that is that a match would have to be done - probably multiple times - in order to fully work out the kinks. It's assuming way too much of my own skills and knowledge to think I could write 4 pages of text and perfect team based MultiGun. It's a relatively new idea, and it's also logistically very difficult, so I doubt very seriously I have the perfect solution. Next, it's a little bit dreamy. What I mean is, to do it right it would be a once a year extravaganza involving quite a bit of work - in a perfect world type of scenario. It's probably not something the local club could put on each month, although a substantially scaled down version might be doable.

With all that said, I like concepts that are scalable and I think Adventure MultiGun could be one-man or two, an entire match, or just a piece of a match. The whole concept is to take MultiGun and expand it into an objective based adventure rather than a handful of unrelated courses of fire. It is also used to incorporate blind courses of fire where the teams have either limited time to see the field or no time at all. And the third important piece is getting out of the small, square, flat bay and into more realistic environments. Most shooting ranges I encounter are these pristine flat squares and rectangles and those make a lot of sense for certain events and purposes. But then you see things like some of the precision rifle events on large rolling hills or Blue Ridge Mountain 3 Gun with all sorts of props and natural environments to navigate. Or ranges like the Texas Defensive Shooting Academy range with cars and spaces that simulate a city street. These, and the many others like them, strike me as an effort to get away from the static range and into more dynamic and interesting environments. And so I say, take those flat bays and fill them with props and leave them there. What harm are they? I know I would like to be able to show up to the range and have a car to shoot around, or a small building to move through, or whatever else, and I don't see the harm in leaving certain bays cluttered with permanent props.

What I feel is missing from the various attempts to depart from traditional MultiGun is an objective, a mission for the shooters to accomplish. Most MultiGun presently can be broken down into a pretty simple objective; make a solid plan to complete the stage and do it as quickly as possible. While phrasing it like that makes it sound easy, it's not. The stage planning is a critical thinking skill test and vital to a good performance at a typical match. The shooters at the top are the ones with the best plan, and the best execution of that plan. What seems to happen though in any sport is that the odds get tipped in favor of the people with a couple heavily developed and specialized skills. If you have the ability outside of the event to polish those couple skills you will likely find yourself toward the top. However, MultiGun brings in 3 guns, more critical thinking, and more planning than USPSA or IDPA. I feel this leveled the field originally. It allows for a little more frequent shooter error in some places and then provides opportunities to make up for mistakes in others. It allows participants to play to their individual strengths and thereby play their own game. But I always gotta be asking myself; could we have more? Could we take a little more of the gaming out, and still have a fair and more importantly, FUN game?

If you've read my other posts on this topic you'll know that I do not personally like the attempts to turn competitive shooting into tactical training exercises. And I know that when I suggest we take some of the gaming out of a game, you have to wonder if I'm trying to make it more tactical. I suppose there is a spectrum from straight up gaming to totally arbitrary rules that require the use of cover or tactical movement or whatever else. I just want to end up somewhere in the middle. A middle with objective rule sets that are easily enforced and equally applicable to all participants and events. Maybe my middle ground doesn't match your middle ground and I think blind stages are my biggest departure from pure gaming. My assumption is that blind stages will result in a wide deviation in scores. I think the simplest solution is to not make the stages wildly difficult. For instance, some stage designers love hidden targets that are only visible from a very specific point. Those are probably best avoided. You'll also notice that I have target requirements in my rules. But more importantly, I think blind stages would be fun. I also think they should not make up the entire match and with the use of a point scoring system seen in typical MultiGun matches, blind stages can be weighted appropriately.

Years ago, and this is the part where some people might get offended, I had a sort of realization about tactical training. I accept that it's a serious endeavor and believe it to be truly useful. However, like many things of this sort, there is a level of snobbery that goes along with it, mostly I think, among civilians. It gets a little absurd when it turns into a sentiment that goes something like; if you aren't training you just aren't as special as me in all things shooting. Under neath that sentiment is someone who secretly believes he is practically a SEAL. He isn't. Not even close. For people like this my response is simple. Training is pay to win. Anyone with the money can do it, and people with a lot of money can do it a lot. Of course their reply is something like; TRAINING IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN FEEDING YOUR CHILDREN BECAUSE TYRANNY!!!! Oh, OK. However, that doesn't bother me much. In fact, I say, embrace what it really is. And that is, civilians going to play bad ass operator for a couple days. I have no problem with that. Military stuff is awesome, guns are awesome and Costa is awesome. It's just annoying when people aren't willing to admit it. Since I fully accept what it is and support it in every way, it occurred to me, why not make it an event? And that is what sparked the Adventure MultiGun idea. So, when Mr. Pay to Win shows up to a MultiGun match I'm going to be expecting a pretty good score or the ribbing will never end. Obviously, it's transformed and morphed over time to become what I have written, and the foundational idea of an objective based "event" could easily be modified to be a strictly fun, non-competitive event. It could certainly be more elaborate as a non-competitive event. But that's an idea for another time.

Thursday, December 14, 2017

Plus 3 Division, A Simple Solution to MultiGun Division Problems

I call this division "Plus 3". Basically, take your Production baseline, and add 3 enhancements to it. In my opinion it makes no difference what those enhancements are. Let the competitor decide what's right for him rather than dumping him into a division he doesn't really belong in for running a completely practical piece of equipment. The issue with current MultiGun divisions is that they are more like a list of required equipment rather than a clearly distinguished division between common use equipment sets and associated costs. And essentially every division in MultiGun is a race equipment required division. You will need to be quad loading your shotgun which will require specific work done to the gun and shell carriers that no one else on Earth would ever employ outside of competition. You will need a custom pistol with all the goodies and a $3K 2011 would really be great, though $1,500 will get you by. You will need an AR with a trick BCG, buffer system and gas block. And I'm not describing the Open division.

cz master race, P09, slide mounted red dot, burris fastfire 3 primary machine custom
My P09 Plus 3 ready. Two enhancements.
This is the reason 2-Gun is getting a foothold around the country and outlaw matches of various types are as common as sanctioned matches. And, it's the reason there are many matches featuring one or just a few of the divisions within the USPSA rule book. I feel that a new evolution is lurking within the competitive shooting world - I don't know what it is but I believe it will have something to do with the divisions at the very least. As with anything that is in the process of evolving and maturing, there are going to be lots of ideas (read opinions) out there and little standardization. That comes with its own set of challenges of course. When Plus 3 found its way into my brain it was due to an effort to avoid the need for standardization, to make the division universal and applicable to any type of MultiGun match. Plus 3 could easily become Plus 5 if the need for more divisions arose. It could be used in 2-Gun or used in 3-Gun with little modification. It covers all of the common enhancements and makes them available to everyone while still creating clearly distinct divisions. I chose the number three because any combination of parts seem to fall neatly between Production and Tactical. It also leaves a few toys in Open where they belong. As with my last post where I talked about Production, I wanted to cover my reasoning behind Plus 3. To get a pdf of my divisions click here. Please feel free to implement my divisions at your own club and pass it around. I'd love to hear other thoughts and ideas.

In determining the Production division equipment there was a strong emphasis on the test questions and the equation among them. Is the item practical? Is the item in common use in the real world? Is there a cost barrier? Is there an overwhelming competitive advantage to the item? With Plus 3, the approach is completely different. Plus 3 is for people interested in useful, commonplace firearm enhancements without the shopping list known as Tactical or Open division. The big test question for Plus 3 is; does it follow and reflect trends in the firearm industry and community as a whole, or trends only found in the competition world? Keep in mind, you cannot have all of these enhancements, you may only choose 3 of them and you may use each one only once. The idea is to build upon the foundational division, Production.

Comps/Brakes: The bottom line is that they are here to stay, they have certain practical advantages and they don't present an overwhelming cost to advantage ratio. They are probably the first thing anyone sticks on the end of their rifle whether they need it or not. But, a comp gives you a pretty good advantage and only costs you one of your choices.

Mag Wells: In the Production post I mentioned that mag wells are becoming more and more commonplace across the board. My feeling is that the huge competition mag wells don't offer much advantage over the smaller, more practical versions, so guys who already run them on a carry gun are good to go. Typically they are easy to install and remove as well.

Red Dots: Totally practical and commonplace on both rifles (offset) and pistols (slide mounted). It's a huge trend in the pistol world across the board. It's not just an Open division competition thing anymore and Plus 3 offers the best solution for including slide-mounted red dots outside of Open. For this one feature alone, I believe Plus 3 would quickly become one of the most popular MultiGun divisions if implemented alongside the current divisions and attract many new shooters looking to employ a different flavor of gear. Requiring a slide-mounted dot supports the polymer framed pistol trend and leaves frame-mounted Open equipment in Open.

Mag Extensions: Very popular as a reload mag for concealed carry and seen in the holsters of law enforcement officers more and more. Why carry 17 rounds in the mag when you can carry 24? One of the smart moves by the sanctioning bodies was the mag length restriction. It created a standard, the industry has responded and the market loves it. Well done I say. It offers an excellent middle ground between Production and Open.

Rifle Enhancements: The sorts of BCG and Buffer system enhancements seen in competition are becoming more widely embraced by the industry which drives down costs, increases reliability and may eventually lead to standard equipment that's just plain better. However for now, they might not offer as much advantage as the price tag would suggest when you can only choose 3 enhancements.

Pistol Weight: There is nothing specifically impractical about metal framed guns in my eyes and I don't think they should be left to Limited/Tactical divisions. Competitors could run a Limited 2011 but would either have to make a couple changes or run a pretty basic AR in Plus 3. However, people who simply like Sig 226s or CZ 75 variants or other heavier pistols can still run them and likely face more similarly equipped competition. It's important to note that the weight of the pistol is determined prior to enhancements. That means, for example, if adding a mag well to the gun also adds weight it doesn't automatically force the weight enhancement as well.

Rifle Capacity: I see drums as perfectly practical equipment in theory, especially in a military setting. They've been ignored up until recently primarily because they didn't work and they were stupid expensive. Things have changed. They are far from necessary and far from providing an overwhelming competitive advantage but they might find some appeal at certain matches.

Bi-Pod: Because it's something of a grey area for the purposes of Production, it seems fitting to make it available in Plus 3. There may very well be scenarios in which a bi-pod might provide a significant advantage. It's certainly a practical item and should not be left to the Open division only.

Ultimately, I think slide-mounted red dots will probably rule in Plus 3 but in many ways, that's the point. It gives them a home outside of Open. I think comps and extended mags will likely be a toss up for the number two most popular enhancement. Although, I don't think I would choose a comp personally, on either gun. I'm going to say number three will be a toss up between metal framed pistols and tricked out rifle internals. But I'm going to bet most people will put more focus on the pistol than they will the rifle, generally speaking.

For clubs looking to emphasize practical equipment and minimize division complexity, Production and Plus 3 are probably all you need. One additional positive side effect of Plus 3 might be a rise in the use of rifle types other than the AR. But with all this said, I'm not entirely sure we wouldn't see people taking a totally different approach and tailoring their equipment to the match. That's the real beauty of Plus 3 in my mind. It is especially true for my Adventure MultiGun concept, which will be showing up in the next post and involves 2-man teams.

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

2-Gun Production Division Guiding Principles Part 1

Here is a link to my 2-Gun divisions, please feel free to implement them in your own club and report back your experiences with them. I wanted to make some posts explaining the reasoning behind the choices I have made in my divisions in more detail so here goes.

I would say the number one foundational key to my view of competitive shooting is the word "practical". The "P" in USPSA stands for practical and originally the founders of the various action shooting sports had practicality in mind. So the first thing I ask myself is; is this practical? However, "practical" - though it seems counter intuitive - is pretty subjective to define. One of the primary reasons I find it difficult or less than obvious to define "practical" in this context is that I believe action shooting sports should not be treated as tactical training. Tactics and shooting are certainly connected so how can shooting be practical without them? Well, my feeling is that a game should be a game, and the only good game is a fair game. Attempts to make the actions and scenarios realistic in a competitive environment result in arbitrary and subjective rules that cannot be equally applied to every competitor at every match. Fairness is often mistaken for accommodation, but they aren't the same thing at all. The goal of game design is to create equal opportunities with objective rules that are simple to apply. In my view it's no different from the US Constitution. The laws, or rules in this case, should be about treating everyone equally rather than forcing people to adhere to arbitrary mandates in order to accommodate the expectations of the game maker. The limits should be on the game maker as much as possible, not the competitor.

So the question becomes; what part of competition can and should be practical? I find that much easier to figure out and define clearly. The equipment is number one. Does it make sense or see common use among military, law enforcement and civilian self defense? Number two; are the targets or tasks required of the participant practical? It can be argued that just about any kind of shooting is useful for developing shooting skills and skills are always useful in the real world. This basic idea is shared among all games really. Board games that require critical thinking are useful to build critical thinking skills and those skills are applicable to just about all aspects of life. I'm all about this because I see competitive shooting as an exercise in developing practical skills. However, the targets military, law enforcement and civilians will encounter really only come in one average size. It's also pretty well known at what distances these targets will be engaged, and that they will probably be moving. This brings me to small targets at relatively long pistol distances like 20 or 30 yards, and gimmicky targets like the Texas star. I'm not arguing that the ability to hit them is not a practical skill. I even think they are fun to shoot occasionally. The issue I have with them is that they begin to overshadow more realistic targets and specifically benefit professional gamers. There are none of these trick targets that the pros don't figure out very quickly, and ultimately they are used in place of creative course design. Full-size IPSC paper or steel targets can be made difficult to shoot by obscuring part of them or making them move - both of which represent real world, practical challenges. Essentially, my point is that it isn't the skills which are impractical, but the skill level requirements and often the associated equipment. The equipment and skill requirements are directly correlated and trick targets drive trick, game oriented equipment and shooters. I wholeheartedly support trick shooting, just not when you are looking for at least some level of practicality. There are, and should be, other sports for a variety of shooting types.

Aside from the fact that gaming most likely isn't good training no matter how arbitrary you make your rules, I find it just plain annoying when game makers try it. I personally did not come to the match to watch people run a hundred yards, stand around reloading a shotgun, or move a kettle bell from some random position to another for absolutely no reason. Go to the gym if you want to work out. Why are we timing it? Training should be done in a training environment, and a shooting match isn't that.

But, going back to "equipment is number one"; it's more complicated than I let on. I am also a big believer that competitive shooting needs to do more to encourage new shooters. While it's a very fast growing sport, those of you who spend much time at club matches will know how many new faces come and ultimately go, never to be seen again. Without a baseline division for participants you automatically create a financial barrier to entry and MultiGun in my view, just doesn't have that necessary baseline. With a financial barrier, you put people at a competitive disadvantage, and ultimately turn them away. And at last THAT brings us to Production division. Get my rule sheet with the link at the top of the post to follow along.

Comps/Brakes: Getting rid of comps/brakes was easy. Are they practical? No. Done. I can hear you now. Wait! Yes they are to practical. Fine, let's dig into it. Do they have practical uses? Sure, they reduce recoil and muzzle climb and therefore make shooting easier. That's practical. OK, how do they stack up in the barrier to entry issue? They can be stupid expensive but they don't necessarily break the bank, so what is the balance of cost and useful advantage to the participant? Well the advantage, especially when pared with other modifications, is too great to be considered part of a baseline division. They give the competitor an edge and can be very expensive. Therefore, they're out. Suppressors are extremely practical in the real world, however the financial and technical barrier to entry is obvious. Budget restricted participants will be at a significant disadvantage against others running suppressors.

Mag Wells: Another pretty easy one. They were born out of competition, which automatically axes them from a true Production division. However, they aren't entirely impractical. More and more they are seen on carry guns and in the holsters of people protecting our nation. Those are often smaller than the silly things seen in competitive shooting and I feel like trying to invent some kind of size restriction is arbitrary and impossible to boot. Secondly, they don't provide a vast benefit to a budget restricted shooter and just add to the cost to play.

Iron Sights: I feel like this is obvious. Next.

Optics: This one is actually less obvious while simultaneously being totally obvious. Yeah, that makes no sense. The point of Production (and ok maybe I should change the name to Practical) is not to force people to use totally stripped down equipment. It's to strip out expensive competition driven equipment and allow people to be competitive with practical gear. The bottom line is that optics on a rifle is just a given. In the same way I dislike forcing people to buy equipment just to keep up, I won't force people to ignore widely available and useful equipment just to make life harder. There is a delicate balancing act going on with optics where money might = performance, but the affordable optic field is deep and wide and ever expanding. Irons are difficult enough that they deserve their own division, which is generally the case. It's a situation where allowing optics does more to level the playing field overall than prohibiting them would. Why have I lumped magnified and non-magnified optics together? Simple. The "Limited" division in USPSA MultiGun or any division that is no different from another save for the optic magnification, in my view, simply doesn't work. If one particular match requires a 400 yard shot and another doesn't have a shot over 100 yards, the non magnified optic is simply at a huge disadvantage one day, and a huge advantage the next day. There is no good solution to this problem and no reason a shooter wouldn't choose the right equipment for the situation in the real world.

Pistol Magazines: I hate USPSA Production division's 10 round capacity restriction. Magazine extensions are a silly price which in my view outweighs the growing popularity and practicality of them in the real world. But more importantly, that leaves a bunch of people in the middle with ACTUAL factory equipment that came in the box with their pistol. If one guy has 17 rounds and another has 18, there really isn't much advantage. So, flush fitting magazines is a requirement simple enough to enforce and prevents the purchase of ridiculously overpriced equipment in order to be competitive.

Duty-Style Gear: OK, maybe a little arbitrary, but USPSA has it covered. This one is simple in my eyes. Race holsters are silly, for any occasion.

Internal Rifle Mods: Bottom line, the rifle is easily one of the most expensive components of competitive gear and offer substantial advantage to those who have them tricked out for gaming. I left out gas blocks, why? Well, they are really only useful when coupled with lightened bolts and the like. I don't want people to have to mod a gun, or swap parts just to participate when it came from the factory with an adjustable gas block. I also left out triggers. Do they offer an advantage? Sure. Are they expensive? Yup. Will it be easy to enforce a trigger rule? Yeah, pretty damn hard and not worth the effort.

Pistol Weight Restriction: This one is easy. Virtually all of the guns listed on the NROI list at 32 ounces or less are polymer framed and less expensive. That weeds out the race guns while also creating a clear divide between Production and other divisions.

40 Round Rifle Mags: Maybe a head scratcher for some. In this case, they can provide a significant advantage to someone in say Tactical division but they are practical in the real world in my view, widely available, and inexpensive. Why not take that advantage away from others and level the playing field a little?

Bi-Pods: So in this case bi-pods are totally practical and widely used equipment. So we have to go to price. Well, they can be had pretty cheaply. Ok, so how about competitive advantage? Eh, in certain situations yes, in others not really. I think the bottom line here is; I really don't think MultiGun is the place for requiring or even promoting bi-pod use. It's just another expense and weight added to the gun that has limited application that I don't think interests Production division shooters. This is a situation where I think prohibiting them does more to level the playing field than allowing them.

Lasers: And I am really debating flashlights as well. Are lasers practical? Yeah I do believe so. Are they widely used equipment? I'd say yes and no. Honestly, I have no idea how practical they really are and I get the impression that a lot of other folks aren't sure either. However, I believe at this time they are somewhat specialized equipment and they are prohibited in most competitive environments so I err on the side of caution in this case and exclude them. At the end of the day MultiGun is about conventional equipment for the most part, and lasers just don't quite fit in. The potential advantage is significant enough that at the very least, they don't belong in a Production division.

I am having such a hard time with flashlights because when I ask myself the test questions, there is a really close balance. They are totally practical, though not necessarily useful in the middle of the day at a local match. So then the weight can actually be a benefit and used for the competitive advantage alone. They are or can be pretty expensive so there might be a budget issue there. But, because they are so widely used in daily life, even budget restricted competitors may own them and a single holster designed to accommodate the light. By prohibiting them I am forcing these guys to buy new stuff. I am leaning toward allowing them because I don't think the competitive advantage is great enough to worry about.

And there ya have it. If you are thinking about implementing something like this, it may help to understand my logic to compare it to your club's goals. Hopefully they make a lot of sense for you and your participants. Next post will cover the Plus 3 division.

Thursday, December 7, 2017

2-Gun MultiGun Division Concept

Holy smokes it's been over a year since I posted. This is not a revival of my blog, this is just the only place on the net I have to really post something like this. Hopefully it will be an ongoing project, but you guys know how it is.

So, I've been intrigued by 2-Gun clubs for several years now. I never quite got into MultiGun (3-Gun) because of the shotgun, the shotgun reloading, and the overly gamed aspect of MultiGun in general. However, I have been shooting local 3-Gun matches every month all summer long, as well as Steel Challenge and USPSA pistol over the past and current winter. Gotta say, I'm already itching for more MultiGun but will have to wait until April when my club starts back up. However, my disinterest in the shotgun hasn't really waned over this period. Even earning myself a couple club match wins and top 5 spots using shell caddies and a borrowed 8-shot tube Benelli M1 against true Open equipment and quad loading Tac Ops shooters, I haven't succumbed to the gear addiction. Being the sort of person who is never satisfied - the driving force behind virtually all of my projects - I have decided to create my own game. Initially it seemed to me that to create a 2-Gun match it would have to be an outlaw match. But somewhat recently I discovered 3-Gun matches incorporating 2-Gun as a division. While there may be some obvious issues with this approach, it is certainly the simplest logistically, particularly at the club level.

Another primary issue I have with MultiGun is the lack of a base division onto which the others are built. There are really only two divisions in MultiGun and they are divided by virtually nothing, as evidenced by the 2017 Multigun Nationals where Tactical division shooters took the top two spots overall. Over Open shooters! No discredit to these guys as they are spectacular competitors. To address this I created two divisions; a Production division and one I call "Plus 3". The following is my outline for these divisions.

I encourage anyone reading this to feel free to incorporate these divisions into your own matches or suggest them to your local match organizers. I would love to hear all about the results.I'd also love to hear your thoughts in the comments.

PDF (updated from image below) link. 
multigun, 3 gun, 2 gun, competition, uspsa, 3gn, 3 gun nation

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Council Tool Hudson Bay Project Pt.2

hudson bay axe
In Part 1 I took a look at the Hudson bay axe from Council Tool's standard line as it arrived to me. The purpose of the project was to get a Hudson Bay pattern axe because I didn't have one, make a new handle in the length I wanted, and then put together a sheath and sling combo similar to what Council offers. Part 1 also covered the creation of the handle from a Locust stump that a local tree service saved for me. There were probably 10 or so 35" staves in that stump, so I have plenty of material for future projects. What I didn't do was cover the creation of the sheath. I used to buy veg tanned tooling leather for these sorts of projects which is probably the way to go if you want all the control and an extra fine finished product. I now just buy finished oil tanned leather. Cut it out, make a welt if you are so inclined, glue and rivet it together, done. Stitch it if you are feeling extra ambitious. You won't get the finely finished edges that you can get with tooling leather, you are stuck with the colors and finishes you can find but honestly, the options are pretty deep and it's a good way to spend twenty bucks here and there to just get enough for the project at hand. If you want to be a master leather guru, this probably isn't the route to take, but if you just want a nice finished product but need to save a little time and spend a little less money, it's a good alternative. As you can see from the pics, I purchased the leather from different places at different times so the strap doesn't match the sheath. That's the case when you start with finished leather products. To wrap it up, all I do is rub in some Neatsfoot Oil, then go over it with Mink Oil and/or you could use some other kind of leather water proofing concoction.

bushcraft axe, camping, hudson bay, custom sheath
Moving on, this post is all about the finished product. I took the angle grinder and went to work on the areas where the flashing had been ground from the head at the factory. Obviously they use a very coarse grinding solution because it's fast, but it leaves rough marks and as was the case with my example, if the head was held out of square with the grinder, it probably only takes a second to take off too much. I trued up the grinds then took it to the belt grinder to clean up the angle grinder marks. I then used a cup brush on the angle grinder to remove the remaining black paint. What I discovered in the process is that the cup brush acts as a really gentle deburring tool that hides some of the belt grinder lines. I hadn't bothered to go too fine with the belt grinder - I used a half worn out 36 grit followed by a half worn out 80 grit. I wasn't looking for perfection, just a clean and tidy grind all around. I applied my own bevels here and there for some personality, then dunked it in vinegar for awhile just to get a uniform appearance. The bit needed some work. It had been ground unevenly at the heel and when you have to do a lot of work to the heel or toe portions of an axe, you are dealing with the thinnest areas where you have to be even more careful about the heat. With a jug of water at the ready I went to the 36 grit belt and began working the bit back to straight. If the steel doesn't get hot enough to burn you, it's nowhere near hot enough to impact the hardness of the steel and even going slow, this isn't a very time consuming process.

Enough talk, let's get to the finished product. The only complaint I have about my own work is that I should have paid better attention to the lines through my handle. I ended up with a slightly "closed" feel where the swell is somewhat forward of the tongue (the portion of the eye that passes through the axe head). This isn't much of an issue unless it's extreme but if you aren't critical of your work you won't improve, I figure.

bushcraft, hiking camping axe

hudson bay sheath and sling

custom handmade sheath and sling

odellstudios odell studios original content

Note the heel has hardly any edge bevel. This is where the factory had already removed too much steel.

But the heel on this side is ground further than the rest in an effort to straighten the edge.